occupational health and safety (OHS) training Free


The occupational health and safety training Unit have been divided into four lessons. This is the most important topic for the security guard and safety officer because you would learn the skills which help you to safe and secure the people’s life from the immediate dangers.

  1. Identify hazards in the workplace
  2. methods of identifying hazards
  3. Assess risks of workplace hazards
  4. Recommend control measures to minimize risk

Every country has laws and regulations that govern the health and safety of the people in the workplace. As a security person, you should have the knowledge of occupations health and safety(OHS) policy of the country, you are the people who can help the company management to keep workplace safety by making all the employees comply with the safety procedure within the organization.

Key information for occupational health and safety

  • Every country has a government body which supervises workplace safety
  • Identification and reporting of hazards by everybody is key to achieving health and safety success
  • A hazard is anything that has the potential to cause harm

Hazard Identification

Patroling is a part of the security guard duty, while on patrol you should frequently inspect the workplace for making sure the site is 100% secure from any type of danger.

You should be aware of the things that are happening within the site through observation. awareness of the surroundings helps you to identify the hazards. The security guard should always be looking for things that can harm people’s life.

Categories of hazards;

The hazards are categorized according to the method in which they could cause harm. the Stander categories of hazards teach in global occupational health and safety training are as follow;

  • Slips, trips, and falls
  • Falling objects
  • Collision with objects
  • Trapping between objects
  • Manual handling
  • Machinery and Vehicles
  • Electricity
  • Hazardous substances
  • Fire and explosion
  • Noise and vibration
  • Psycho-Social

Note: Every category contains a number of hazards, so, a good thing is to identify the hazard by inspection of the workplace regularly. All the possibility has been considered. The Aim of occupational and safety training is to make people skillful for saving the life of the employees on the site.

Common workplace hazards

To identify the hazards you should use your own knowledge and awareness but here are the causes of the hazard which fall into the specific category.

  1. Slips, trips, and falls (causes)
      • Wet surfaces
      • Loose cables or wires
      • Uneven surfaces
      • Change in level (stairs, walkways, etc.)
      • Inappropriate footwear
    1. Falling objects (causes)
      • Ladders or scaffolding
      • Poorly constructed materials
          • Bricks, tiles & glass
          • Roofing material
          • Gutters and water pipes
          • Air conditioning fittings
      • Equipment and tools
    2. Collision with objects (causes)
      • Walking into furniture
      • Low hanging structures
      • Protrusions along a pathway
    3. Trapping between objects (causes)
      • Door and doorframe
      • Caught in machinery
      • Gym equipment
    4. Manual handling (causes)
      • Lifting objects
      • Pushing or
      • pulling
      • Throwing
    5. Machinery and vehicles (causes)
      • Workshop tools
      • Office equipment (printers, shredders, etc.) i
      • industrial machines
      • Cars and Motorcycles
      • Trucks and buses
      • Forklift, bulldozer, and crane Electricity
    6. Electricity hazards (causes) 
      • Overloaded power sockets
      • Inappropriate voltage for equipment
      • Faulty installations
      • Wear and tear of wiring
      • Overhead power lines
    7. Hazardous substances (causes) 
      • Cleaning chemicals
      • Pool maintenance chemicals
      • Pesticides
      • Landscaping chemicals
        • Fertilizer
        • Weedkiller
      • Paints and solvents
      • Petrol, oil, and diesel
    8. Fire and explosion
      • Poor storage of flammable liquids
      • Ventilation of flammable vapors
      • Pressurized gases
      • Incorrect use of appliances (e.g. microwave)
    9. Noise and vibration
      • Loud machinery
      • Long exposure to high noise levels
      • Interfering with hearing (e.g. safety signals or warnings)
      • The vibration of hand tools – impact on the body
      • The vibration of equipment – causing objects to become lost
    10. Psycho-Social 
      • Stress
      • Violence
      • Drug or Alcohol abuse

When inspection of a workplace for hazards, each of these categories and any related risks should be remembered.

Workplace inspection;

The OHS manager is responsible for keeping people safe and secure in the workplace, however, the security guard always should inspect the workplace to identify the hazards and report them. The key contributor to the OHS manager is the security guards.

Methods of hazard identification

The security guard or safety officer can use a variety of methods themself to identify the hazardous material in the workplace. Here are some common methods that need to be used

  • Walking around for visual inspection
  • Reviewing incident and near-miss records
  • Work task analysis
  • Reading material safety data sheets (MSDS) and manufacturer’s instructions
  • Knowledge of legal requirements.

Conclusion: For being the security personal or safety officer you may require occupational health and safety training from the relevant training institutes. Most of the workplace accidents, cause not to identify the hazard before the incident happened.

Advance Security Course

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