self defense classes and physical restraint training


In some cases, the security staff finds themselves in harm’s way when they try to keep safe and secure to others. Whatsoever, All the security staff should be able to use methods of self-defense and physical intervention. In the self-defense classes, you’d learn a variety of techniques to keep yourself safe from an attack.

Principle of the self-defense;

Use the self-defense techniques only if the following circumstances are presented and there is no option;

  • There is an unprovoked attack
  • Injury or death is probable
  • A reasonable degree of force is used in response
  • Reasonable fear of injury or death is assessed


The Law also allows pre-emptive use of the forces in self-defense if the threat of the attack is reasonably justified. However, always consider what amount of force is appropriate for the threat, try to use less amount of force as much as possible.

  1. Technic Empty hand Defensive ;



This is the first Technic to use in the first level of escalation where the aggressor is empty hand or with a less dangerous weapon including;

  • Arm or wrist locks
  • arm-twist
    • Used to restrain and escort an offender
    • Used to control before applying handcuffs or restraints
  • Defensive strikes to the nerve centers
    • Used to repel an aggressor
    • Attempt to disable the use of arms, legs and brain functions
  • Kicks to the hip crease to disengage an attacker
    • Create distance between defense and attacker
    • Discourage further aggression
  • Disarming techniques
    • Remove a knife or gun from the attacker
    • Neutralize the threat of deadly force

When the situation needs to use force security staff should prepare to apply it correctly and confidently. You would be a success through the repetition of realistic training and practice.

Another important thing needs to consider is the reactionary gap when you are dealing with the aggressor.

Self-defense classes for reactionary distance.

What is the reactionary gap mean?

The reactionary gap means a distance between the aggressor and the defender where the aggressor weapon will less effective and the victim has time for reaction. As a security guard or police officer, you should maintain the reactionary gap between you and the attacker.

Reactionary gap or distance
Unarmed threat 2m
Impact weapons:
Pipe 4m+leanth of the weapon
Edge weapon
knife 8M


  • Making the decision to attempt disarming of an attacker is very serious, and should be considered as a final resort
  • The majority of disarming attempts result in the defender getting cut or shot

Self-defense classes for using the OC spray

Use the OC spray in self-defense

It is useful if the second level of force escalation. This method is highly effective in distracting the attacker causing visual impairment.

OC Spray facts:

  • The active ingredient is Capsaicin, the heat bearing and pain-producing component of the spray
  • OC Spray device also contains propellant gas and water to carry the active ingredient
  • Is non-flammable, and can be used together with Electronic Control Devices e.g. Taser  Is effective from 1 – 6 meters
  • Oc spray Does not physically stop: 
    • Drug-induced aggressors
    • Mental health aggressors
    • Highly motivated aggressors
  • It Affects 3 main areas: 
    • Eyes
    • Skin
    • Respiratory system
  • Oc spray Will produce: 
    • Involuntary eye closure
    • Extreme tears
    • Visual impairment
    • Coughing
    • Tightening of the chest
  • The use of OC spray on an aggressor may result in possible psychological effects including:
      • Fear
      • Anxiety
      • Panic
      • Hyperventilation (rapid breathing)
    • Exposure ratings
      • Level  – Direct into the eyes and face
      • Level 2 – Indirect contact with a person who has been exposed to level 1
      • and Level 3 – Environmental exposure, mist in the atmosphere
    • Delivery systems

OC spray devices are configured to deliver the agent in different forms. There are two types of OC spray.

  1. Liquid gel stream
  2. Fog cone


How to use the Liquid stream spray pattern for self-defense?

  • Spray sideways from ear to ear across the aggressor‟s eyes
  • At 1.5m the spray diameter is 15cm
  • If the aggressor is wearing glasses, spray just above the glasses on the forehead. The agent will then run into the aggressor‟s eyes


How to use For a fog cone Oc Spray?

  •  spray up and down the center of the face
  • Restricts the aggressors deep breathing
  • At 1.5m the cone has a diameter of 30cm
  • Be aware of wind direction
    • May blow agent back toward self
    • May blow across and contaminate non-aggressors


Treatment of the OC spray expose

  • Expose skin and face to fresh air
  • Flush eyes and face with large quantities of cool water
    • Hot water will open the skin pores and increase the burning
  • Wash skin with soap and water
  • Remove contaminated clothing,

Use of T-Batton in self-defense;

physical restraint training

T Barton is one types of the stick which designed to strike and block The states of readiness for self-defense with a T-baton can be categorized as:

  1. Holstered baton
  2. Stand by positions
  3. Guard positions
  4. Defensive strike techniques
  5. Defensive block techniques T

Holstered baton 

  • Fixed to the duty belt
  • May be cross drawn or drawn from the strong side

Stand by position 

  • You should hold the button with a strong hand, down and parallel to the strong leg in a ready stance
  •  the baton is protected by the strong leg from disarming
  • The baton can be quickly raised into the guard position

guard position

  • The baton is held in the strong hand, over the strong shoulder, with the baton handle facing toward the aggressor
  • From this position, the baton can be brought forward for defensive strikes or block.

Strike and Defense with the T-button

Defensive strikes

  • The baton is brought down over the shoulder onto the selected target area
  • The baton should  aim so that the top portion of the baton makes contact with the target area
  • Security staff should always direct defensive strikes to the appropriate body area depending on the threat presented
  • Poorly aimed strikes will only provoke the aggressor
  • Between strikes, the guard position should use to maintain control and retain the baton from disarming
  • The purpose of defensive strikes is to temporarily incapacitate the aggressor allowing safe withdrawal or restraint

Defensive blocks

  • Overhead strikes by an aggressor can block by moving the baton across the head in a defensive position and holding the end to catch the aggressor strike
  • Low strikes by an aggressor e.g. kicks can be blocked by crossing the baton across the center of the body and holding the end, then pushing down and away toward the aggressor strike
  • Having blocked an aggressor strike, Security staff should re-establish the reactionary gap and adopt the guard position

How to use handcuffs on hands?

Security personnel can use handcuffs or other restraints only to ensure that an attacker has been caught in a criminal act red-handedly. Security workers must be aware of handcuffs and restraints techniques.

Handcuff variation;
  • Handcuff
  • Plastic cuff
  • Textile restraint

Police more often use the handcuff, but private security officers may use plastic handcuffs and cloth to restrain.

self defense classes

Safety considerations for the use of restraints include;

  1. Gaining control of the suspect prior to fitting restraints
    • Use appropriate arm and wrist locks to gain control of an uncooperative aggressor
  2. Proper tension of the restraint on the wrists
    • The restraint should be tight enough to control the aggressor, but not completely restrict the flow of blood through the hand’s
  3. Safe removal of restraints
    • The restraint should be removed using specialized cutters designed for that purpose

The method for restricting a suspect has divided into 4 sections;


  • Approach the aggressor from the side
  • Be ready to react or withdraw
  • A physical hand search of the aggressor will identify any risks of harm or escape e.g. a blade


  • A second member of the Security team should provide a protective watch for the restraining staff.
  • A 130-degree angle between restraining and protecting members should maintain in order to allow the good vision of the aggressor at all times.


  • Both restraining and protection personnel must maintain constant visual and verbal communication
  • The restraining staff will give directions to the protecting staff to assist where required
  • The restraining staff will also give direction to the aggressor being restrained


  • There should always be two Security staff present in order to provide proper support in the event of aggression or non-compliance

How to use handcuffs

First step: Restraint ready

physical restraint training

Second-step: Capture 1 hand with the looped restraint

physical restraint training

Third step: Capture the second hand

self defense classes

Fourth step: Tighten the restraints

self defense classes

  • Check the restraints are tight enough, but not stopping blood flow through the hand’s
  • Position the offender in a comfortable posture and begin processing the incident scene

Releasing the offender, use the purpose-designed restraint cutter

self defense classes

Conclusion: To use the self-defense Technics you may require frequent practices and take the self-defense classes to increase the theoretical knowledge. When you use the force keep in mind that use the appropriate forces otherwise it will lead you to clarify in the court. Although you will learn the basic technics of self-defense in this post you need to attend the 45minute Self-defense classes to be confident for this lesson.

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Advance Security Course

Basic security course


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